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Why wage growth has been held down (and will be held down): the US Bureau of Labor Statistics is reporting that all "new" job growth since 2000 went to immigrants (it does not report that almost all "new" disability payments went to non-immigrant Americans.
Government data show that since 2000 all of the net gain in the number of working-age (16 to 65) people holding a job has gone to immigrants (legal and illegal).
This is remarkable given that native-born Americans accounted for two-thirds of the growth in the total working-age population.
Though there has been some recovery from the Great Recession, there were still fewer working-age natives holding a job in the first quarter of 2014 than in 2000, while the number of immigrants with a job was 5.7 million above the 2000 level.
All of the net increase in employment went to immigrants in the last 14 years partly because, even before the Great Recession, immigrants were gaining a disproportionate share of jobs relative to their share of population growth. In addition, natives' losses were somewhat greater during the recession and immigrants have recovered more quickly from it.
With 58 million working-age natives not working, the Schumer-Rubio bill (S.744) and similar House measures that would substantially increase the number of foreign workers allowed in the country seem out of touch with the realities of the U.S. labor market.It would be interesting to break down some of the demographics of this study:
- the type of jobs illegal and legal immigrants hold in this country
- the demographics of the native-born Americans who are now long-term unemployed
- the hourly wages among the various groups