Saturday, January 14, 2012

Asian Connections -- Why China Is Buying North American (And South American) Energy Assets

Peak Oil? Yes, In China

January 17, 2017: peak oil in all of Asia

Deals: Asian-North American

October 26, 2015: Chinese company pays $1.3 billion for shale in the Permian

February 17, 2014: Chinese jewelry company with gold mining interests buys an oil and gas company in Texas. Assets not mentioned; deal to cost $665 million with no more than 10 investors contributing the millions.

January 21, 2014: IBD provides an update of Chinese North American energy acquisitions in 2013

October 6, 2013Petronas completes $35 billion takeover of Canada's Progress Energy to become 2nd-largest stakeholder in the Montney. Huge, huge deal.

September 4, 2013: Chinese company buys small western Canadian operator -- Bloomberg.
Yanchang Petroleum International Ltd. agreed to buy Novus Energy Inc. for C$232 million ($220 million) cash, in China’s biggest purchase of a Canadian oil and gas company since Cnooc Ltd.’s takeover of Nexen Inc.
Yanchang will pay C$1.18 a share for Novus Energy, 42 percent more than its closing price yesterday, the Alberta-based company said in a statement. Yanchang said it will help fund the purchase by selling HK$1.6 billion ($206 million) in convertible bonds to its parent Shannxi Yanchang Petroleum Group Co., China’s fourth-largest producer.
June 5, 2013: PetroChina will outspend XOM this year

February 5, 2013: Chinese company to buy assets in Wolfcamp.

January 30, 2013:  Pioneer Natural Resources is selling 40 percent of its stake in the Texas Wolfcamp Shale play to a Chinese company in a $1.7 billion deal.
Pioneer said Wednesday that the Sinochem Group will pay $500 million in cash. The remaining $1.2 billion will be paid in the form of future drilling and facilities costs. Pioneer can draw those funds for six years, with an option to extend that period under certain circumstances.
September 13, 2012: China to build 400-MW power plant near Odessa, Texas

June, 2012: Malaysian State Oil Company: through purchase of its partner, Progress Energy Resources Corp (PRQ.TO), announced June, 2012, Malaysia acquires Progress' Montney Gas Play in northeast British Columbia. Where Progress operates, the formation is 300 meters thick and is a shale/silt formation well suited for horizontal drilling. The North Montney area is located adjacent to the Alaska Highway and has well developed transportation and infrastructure options to move natural gas to markets (source: PRQ website).


June 7, 2012: Chinese state-owned companies on a buying spree -- mostly energy and natural resources around the world. Surges to $20 billion in the first quarter, 2012.

January 23, 2012: I did not know that we could outsource bridge and highway infrastructure building and maintenance/repair to the Chinese. The Chinese can do it more quickly and less expensively.  One fo the state government spokesmen said there were not enough US welders. Wow, I just mentioned that in one of my postings: why Obama killed the Keystone XL -- not enough welders to construct it.

January 17, 2012: China is the big winner in the Iranian "crisis."
China could win big oil concessions from Iran as the Islamic Republic faces the loss of major oil revenue from the tightening Western sanctions over its controversial nuclear program. China currently buys one-third of Iran's oil exports,....Right now, Iran is already at risk of losing this major customer, despite their important political ties, as China comes under mounting pressures by the West to reduce its imports of Iranian oil -- as are other important Asian players such as India, Japan and South Korea. Ultimately, all cards could fall in China's favor. --- To counter the "bad press" China will get from the rest of the global community, it will extract huge price concessions from Iran.
January 15, 2012: When I posted the original story below I did realize how interesting it would turn out. There is now more being reported; the refinery is a very small piece in the overall China-Saudi Arabia story.

Data points:
  • International sanctions against Iran could have significant impact on China's energy supplies
  • Chinese are visiting Saudi Arabia now, hoping to ensure adequate supplies from Saudi pending any loss in access to Iranian oil
  • Saudi Arabia is already China's number 1 supplier
  • China imported 13 percent more oil from Saudi in 2011 compared to 2010
  • In exchange for guaranteed access for more oil, China willing to invest in more infrastructure in Saudi Arabia
From the story:
China cut oil imports from Iran in January and February in a commercial dispute over contract terms, and has been looking for alternative supplies.

Yet China is unlikely to dramatically boost crude imports from Saudi Arabia, even with the Iranian worries, said Meidan, the analyst with the Eurasia Group.

"In the likely event that Iran will offer discounted oil, Chinese traders will buy more Iranian barrels and could consequently reduce their Saudi imports," she said.

"Wen will therefore need to convey both commercial and diplomatic realities to Saudi Arabia, China's number one source of crude imports, and ensure that bilateral ties remain on steady footing."
The most intriguing data point:
In the first 11 months of 2011, top supplier Saudi Arabia shipped 45.5 million tons of crude to China, a rise of 12.9 percent over the same period in 2010, according to Chinese customs data. Angola and Iran were China's second and third biggest suppliers.
Thirteen percent is not a trivial number. All things being equal, I don't see how this wouldn't keep pressure on price of oil on the upside.

Original Post
Link here.

I couldn't decide whether to post/link this story, but it reminded me of a story I linked back in 2010, a story that I may have misinterpreted. Looking back, it was a story that certainly confused me. In that tory of 2010, China announced it was going to halt exports of diesel fuel to calm inflation in China.

In the Breitbart story linked above, it is announced that:
Saudi state oil giant Aramco inked a deal Saturday with China's Sinopec to build an oil refinery (Yasref) in the Red Sea city of Yanbu that will process 400,000 barrels per day ...

Saudi Aramco will hold a 62.5 percent stake with Sinopec holding the balance in the venture that highlights China's growing role as an infrastructure developer in the oil rich kingdom. 
"... highlights China's growing role as an infrastructure developer in the oil rich kingdom."

China has a lot of unemployed young men and a new refinery in China would be preferable in the eyes of some, but instead China has opted to build the refinery in Saudi Arabia.

The US is moving out of Iraq and trying to extricate itself from Afghanistan. China continues to invest heavily in US energy prospects ... the current administration is turning its back on Canadian oil ... it doesn't take a weatherman to know which way the wind is blowing...

1 comment:

  1. If you read the news, you will find out the reason obama denied the xl pipeline is because warren buffet and his railroad want the income and the pipeline will nail his investment. NOT THAT THERE AREN'T ENOUGH WELDERS.!