Thursday, September 8, 2016

Nothing About The Bakken -- Heading To Bed -- See Y'all In The A.M. -- September 8, 2016

From Humans in New York:
“The military is mostly filled with people who genuinely desire to do the right thing.
More Marines receive the Medal of Honor for jumping on grenades than any other action.
It’s a culture where officers eat last and everyone shares their water.
These people grew up as boy scouts and girl scouts. The whole reason they volunteered was because they wanted to do the right thing. But the right thing is never clear in war.
If you shoot too early, an innocent person gets killed. If you shoot too late, you lose a buddy. So a lot of our injuries are moral ones. Most of us come home feeling like we did something wrong. Or we didn’t give enough. Or that our friends gave too much.
My best friend in the Marines was a guy named Ronnie Winchester. He was the nicest guy you can imagine. My 22nd birthday was during our officer training course. None of us had slept. We were all starving. We were only getting one ration per day. But Ronnie wanted to give me a memorable birthday. So he put a candle in his brownie and gave it to me. That’s how nice of a guy he was.
Ronnie ended up getting killed in Iraq. And if a guy like Ronnie got killed, you can’t help but wonder why you deserve to be alive. Ronnie was 25 years old when he died. He is always going to be 25 years old. I have a wife and kids now. I get to grow old. But Ronnie Winchester is always going to be 25.” 
I think some folks forget that everyone serving in uniform in Afghanistan is a volunteer. A volunteer. 

And then there's Kaepernick et al.

From Shrew To You
A Note For The Granddaughters
Scientific American
June, 2016
pages 32 -33

From wiki, we begin:
The therapsids included the cynodonts, the group that gave rise to mammals in the Late Triassic around 225 million years ago.
Of the non-mammalian therapsids, only cynodonts and dicynodonts survived the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event.
The last of the non-mammalian therapsids, the tritylodontid cynodonts, became extinct in the Early Cretaceous, approximately 100 million years ago.  
Late Triassic

Unknown cynodont to mammaliaforms. Cynodonts were not mammals.

The unknown ancestor gave rise to:
  • Morganucodonts -- died out
  • Another unknown ancestor that split into Kuehneotheriids (died out) and another unknown ancestor that gave rise to:
Hamamiyidans (died out) and another unknown ancestor that split into an unknown ancestor that later gave rise to Castoracuda, Agilodocodon, and Docofossor, which all died out; and, the unknown first mammal.

The unknown first mammal split into two groups: monotremes which still exist today, and a second group with an unknown ancestor that split into two groups, Fruitafossor, which died out early, and another unknown ancestor that split into two groups with many splittings to include:
  • Volaticotherium: died out early
  • Repenomamus: died out 
  • Gondwanatherians: died out
  • Multitubercltates: died out
  • Symmetrodonts: died out
  • and, the Therians, arising in mid-Jurassic - Late Jurassic.
The Therians immediately broke into two groups in early Late Jurassic: Metatherians and Eutherians.

The Metatherians ultimately gave rise to marsupials which still exist; and, Placentals (via Torrejoina). 

Now, a bit of narrative from the article.

The Late Triassic period was a heady time in evolution.

A few tens of millions of years earlier, nearly all life was extinguished in a volcano-triggered mass extinction that marked the end of the Permian period and ushered in the Triassic period. After most of the giant amphibians and reptiles that ruled the Permian died out, manyof today's ost important animal groups rose up in the postapocalyptic vacuum. Turtles, lizards, frogs, crocodiles, dinosaurs (which eventually became birds) and the mammaliaform forerunners of mammals all got their start during this time of radical change.

The Triassic-Jurassic defined based on another mass extinction due Pangaea breaking apart; again, volcanoes played a major role in that mass extinction. Many dinosaurs survived and they remained the dominant group in the Jurassic, but 30 million years into the Jurassic, the mammal lineage underwent another, far larger burst of evolution. [One has to ask the question, "why?"]

Castorocauda: earliest knownn swimming mammal. [Interestingly, according to the diagram, the Castorocauda is not a mammal; typo?]

Likewise, in the diagram Docofossor not labeled as a mammal but in the narrative, it is called a  mole-like mammal.

Agilodocodon, also according to the diagram, not a mammal, was an agile tree climber, much like a squirrel.

Volaticoterium, perhaps the strangest of all would have looked like a flying squirrel.

Fruitafossor, a mammal, was an ant-eating digger.

During the Middle Jurassic, the number of mammalian species skyrocketed. Two large groups diverged: the monotremes and the therians (the broader group that comprises the marsupials and the placentals).

Then, in the Cretaceous, the unexpected happened, an event that would reset the course of mammal history: a totally new type of plant evolved -- angiosperms.

One More Reason To Listen To Willie Nelson All Night -- Nothing About The Bakken -- September 8, 2016

After this note, or because of this note, I think I'm gonna sit back and listen to Willie Nelson all night, get drunk on legal alcohol or get high on illegal drugs (off the coast, three miles out):
In light of recent incidents and concerns raised by Samsung about its Galaxy Note 7 devices, the Federal Aviation Administration strongly advises passengers not to turn on or charge these devices on board aircraft and not to stow them in any checked baggage.
"... strongly advises..."

Okay, that solves the problem. 

[These are the devices that spontaneously burst into flames.] And people complain about Apple removing the 3.5 mm headphone "jack." LOL.

I think President Obama "strongly advised" ISIS to throw down their arms and return to their caves, and one sees how good well that turned out.

Touch Me, Willie Nelson

72-Hour Forecasts? Problematic
100-Year Computer Weather Modeling: Infallible

The same scientists -- the NOAA folks -- who tell us that the average global temperature will increase by 2.4 degrees 100 years from now completely blew the 72-hour forecast on Hurricane Hermione.

Link here.
Last week, on Friday afternoon, the National Hurricane Center predicted that by 2 p.m. Saturday, the storm would be within 50 nautical miles of the North Carolina coast. In fact, it ended up about 90 nautical miles east of the coast — well within normal error for a day in advance.
But by Sunday, something changed. In that same Friday forecast, the center’s meteorologists had predicted that by 2 p.m. Sunday, the storm would be about 100 miles east of the Maryland coast.
Yet in fact, it traveled 168 nautical miles east and a little south of the forecasted location — well above the average two-day error of 80.
Some folks are not even convinced it was a hurricane to begin with.

Body Doubles and Stand-Ins
The Girl In Alfred Hitchcock's Shower
A Murder That Became A Real-life Mystery
A Mystery That Became An Obsession
Roberg Graysmith
c. 2010

Miserably painful to read.

Janet Leigh's body double: Marli Renfro, stage name, not murdered.
Janet Leigh's stand in: Myra Davis, murdered, 1988.

The Best Number In The Universe -- And It Strikes The Bakken -- September 8, 2016

Okay, possums, as Dame Edna would say, this is the most important post of the year. Okay, not the most important, but certainly the most interesting for number theorists.

What is the best number in the universe?

Since you asked: 73.

Why? 73 is the 21st prime number. Its mirror, 37, is the 12th and its mirror, 21, is the product of multiplying 7 and 3... and in binary 73 is a palindrome, 1001001, which backwards is 1001001.

For more on such inanity, visit wiki:
  • Sheldon: "The best number is 73. Why? 73 is the 21st prime number. Its mirror, 37, is the 12th and its mirror, 21, is the product of multiplying 7 and 3... and in binary 73 is a palindrome, 1001001, which backwards is 1001001."
  • Leonard: "73 is the Chuck Norris of numbers!"
  • Sheldon: "Chuck Norris wishes... all Chuck Norris backwards gets you is Sirron Kcuhc!"'
And what does this have to do with the Bakken, you ask?


You will not see this often.

But here it is. Not photo-shopped. Genuine. Really.

Sheldon's Favorite Number, Big Bang Theory

Saudi Arabia Production Coming Down After Seasonal Push -- September 8, 2016

Before we get to my notes, take a look at Mark Perry's "Thursday afternoon links." Some interesting stuff. I particularly like the map showing the eighteen (18) urban areas that together account for 50% of US GDP. Texas has two urban areas: Houston, and DFW. The map will be updated later, but if I read it correctly, the two areas in California are in the Bay Area (Silicon Valley) and in Orange County (Disneyland) and south to San Diego County. Los Angeles County does not figure in the 50%. The Minneapolis/St Paul area does. Take a look. Tell me if I'm wrong. If correct, that speaks volumes about LA County, considering: LAX, Port of Los Angeles, and Port of Long Beach, just for starters.

Other notable urban areas that contribute to the "50%": Denver; Phoenix-Tucson; Seattle and down to Portland, I believe; and, Atlanta, I believe.

But, broad brush, California looks fairly bleak. Considering.

By the way, this is the kind of demographic / graphics The Atlantic used to have in abundance until it changed it format, and its editorial policies. 

 An Energetic Non-Story

This, of course, is a non-story, but apparently energy reporters are looking for anything on a slow news day.
Saudi Arabia told OPEC that its oil production dropped by 40,000 barrels a day in August to 10.63 million barrels as the group debates a deal to curb output to shore up prices.
The figures were submitted to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, according a person with knowledge of the data.
The country’s output declined from an all-time high of 10.67 million barrels a day in July.
OPEC and Russia are putting cooperation back on the table, after two years of a Saudi-led strategy by the producer group to pump flat out to protect market share against the surge in U.S. shale oil. Their last attempt to do this -- a proposal to freeze output in April -- collapsed after Saudi Arabia refused to proceed without all OPEC states, including regional rival Iran, participating.
And so it goes.

Meanwhile, US gasoline demand as reported by the EIA:

Note how the "delta" between this year and last year has widened this past week.

Oasis To Report Another Nice Andersmadson Well Friday; Four New Permits -- September 8, 2016

Active rigs:

Active Rigs3773196184191

Two wells coming off confidential list Friday:
  • 30811, 1,119, Oasis, Andersmadson 5201 14-25 12T, Camp, producing, the Andersmadson wells are tracked here; 36 stages; 4.1 million lbs; t3/16; cum 78K 7/16;
  • 30831, SI/NC, XTO, TAT State Federal 14X-36B, Bear Creek, no production data,
Four new permits:
  • Operators: Petro harvester, Whiting
  • Fields: Portal (Burke), Banks (McKenize)
  • Comments:
The five wells that came off confidential list today were all Hess wells, all "permits canceled"; four BL-Blanchard wells in Williams County and one HA-State well in McKenzie (previously reported)

Eleven permits renewed:
  • Slawson (4): two Vixen Federal permits; one Armada Federal permit; and, one Phoenix permit, all in Mountrail County
  • Slawson (3): two Moleback permits and one Atlantis Federal permit, all in Mountrail County
  • Whiting (4): Two Koppinger permits; one Cymbaluk Federal permit; and, one Obrigewitch, permit, all in Stark County
One producing well completed:
  • 30425, 836, Hess, HA-Sanford-152-96-1819H-10, Westberg, t8/16; cum --
30811, see above, Oasis, Andersmadson 5201 14-25 12T, Camp:

DateOil RunsMCF Sold

From A Low Of Around 30 Active Rigs In North Dakota Just A Few Weeks Ago, Now Back Up To 37 -- September 8, 2016

We haven't seen this many active rigs since February, 2016, when the slide really began.


Active Rigs3773196184191

Active rigs in North Dakota (by producer)

Page 2

New entries will begin after this date. I will not add any more updates at the older post linked above. 

Job Watch

This is Page 5

Reagan vs Obama: job recovering following a recession. Reuters and Bloomberg keep telling us job growth is strong, but never seem to really back up that assertion.

The Magic Numbers
First time claims, unemployment benefits: 400,000 (> 400,000: economic stagnation)
New jobs: 200,000 (< 200,000 new jobs: economic stagnation)
Economists estimate the labor market needs to create about 125,000 jobs a month to keep the unemployment rate steady, though estimates vary -- Reuters
I will stick with 200,000 (the "magic number" prior to the Obama administration) -- it's a nicer, "rounder" number to remember.

After about the first two years of posting these updates, it had become clear/obvious that the figures were often suspect, if not outright falsified. On November 18, 2013, it was reported that, indeed, unemployment figures have been falsified.
In the home stretch of the 2012 presidential campaign, from August to September, the unemployment rate fell sharply — raising eyebrows from Wall Street to Washington.
The decline — from 8.1 percent in August to 7.8 percent in September — might not have been all it seemed. The numbers, according to a reliable source, were manipulated.
And the Census Bureau, which does the unemployment survey, knew it.
 Take the numbers for what they are worth, I guess. Not much. As so much else with ObamaNation.


January 6, 2017: incredibly dismal December jobs report; NYT calls it a "tepid" report; forecast 183,000 (vs 204,000 in November, 2016; came in at an incredibly low 156,000.

January 5, 2017: look at all the service jobs added vs all the manufacturing jobs lost
  • first-time claims fall sharply: 28,000 to seasonally adjusted 235,000; lowest level since mid-November; second lowest since late 1973; economists expected 260,000 initial claims -- another huge miss; four-week rolling average fell by 5,750 to 256,750
  • another poor payroll add: private payrolls climbed by 153,000 (see magic numbers); forecast was 175,000; the November number was revised to a 215,000 gain; manufacturers reduced headcounts by 16,000; service providers increased by 169,000
December 29, 2016: First time unemployment claims -- down 10,000 to 265,000.

December 22, 2016: jump to six-month high: 275,000. Four-week average also up: 263,750.

December 15, 2016: 254,000, down 4,000; four-week moving average up 5,250 to 257,750. 

December 8, 2016: 258,000, down 10,000; four-week moving average, up a bit to 252,500.

December 2, 2016: November unemployment rate, tumbles to 4.6%; Only 178,000 jobs added. [Apparently revised to 204,000 later.]

December 1, 2016: first time unemployment claims to highest level in five months; "jump" 17,000 to 268,000; completely unexpected; four-week average edges up 500 to 251,000

November 30, 2016: 216,000 private sector jobs added (forecast, only 170,000).

November 23, 2016: previous week revised; current week, claims surged 18,000 Four-week average, 253,000.

November 17, 2016: plunged 21,000 to 233,000; four-week average fell 7,000 to 253,000 (revised figures).

November 10, 2016: plunged 11,000 to 254,000; significantly more than forecast; four-week moving average ticks up 1,750 to 259,750.

November 3, 2016: up, 7,000, to 265,000. Forecast was for a significant decline. Four-week average also up an interesting 4,750, to 257,750.

October 27, 2016: down, 3000, to 258,000 after last week revised upward by a thousand. Four-week average also rose a thousand, up to 253,000.

October 20, 2016: surges; up 13,000. Back to 270,000. Four-week average up to 251,750.

October 13, 2016: four-decade low first time unemployment claims; previous week revised downward; this week unchanged from previous week; 246,000; four-week rolling average also lowest since 1973, at 249,250.

October 7, 2016: second consecutive month for disappointing jobs data. Magic number is 200,000. Forecast was for 172,000 new jobs. Actual: 167,000 new jobs. Disappointing. 

October 6, 2016: huge drop in first time unemployment claims. Dropped 5,000 to 249,000.  It looks like the previous number was revised upward to 254,000. Four-week moving average down to 253,500.

September 22, 2016: huge drop in first time unemployment claims; dropped 8,000 to 252,000, well below the 261,000 forecast; four-week moving average also down to 258,500 from 260,750. 

September 15, 2016: Applications edged up 1,000 to 260,000; four-week average dropped to 260,750.  
September 8, 2016: 259,000, down 4,000. Four-week moving average, 261,250, down from 263,000.

US Gasoline Projected To Drop Below $2.00/Gallon In December; Update On Enable Midstream In STACK / SCOOP -- RBN Energy -- September 8, 2016

Great news for consumers: even lower gasoline prices in December (a dynamic link).
  • U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are expected to decline from an average of $2.18/gallon (gal) in August to $1.92/gal in December
  • For the year, U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $2.08/gal in 2016 and $2.26/gal in 2017. 
Generally we pay about $2.09 here in the DFW area, one can find regular gasoline for $1.86/gallon.


Active rigs:

Active Rigs3673196184191

RBN Energy: Enable Midstream in the middle of STACK/SCOOP.
Enable Midstream Partners stands at a crossroads. It has great assets –– natural gas gathering and processing operations in the Anadarko, Arkoma, and Ark-La-Tex basins; a crude oil gathering system in the Williston Basin; and interstate/intrastate gas pipelines that ship natural gas from its gathering regions to the Texas Panhandle and Illinois. 
The company also has an excellent position in gathering systems and processing plants in the prolific STACK and SCOOP plays in Oklahoma.  But everything is not rosy.  Earnings from STACK/SCOOP are being offset by production declines in its other areas of operation. On top of that, CenterPoint Energy, which owns 55.4% of Enable’s limited partnership units, is seeking to divest its shares, which would bring a new majority owner into the picture. In today’s blog we review our latest Spotlight analysis.
Job watch: 259,000, down 4,000. Four-week moving average, 261,250, down from 263,000.

The Market

Lunch: new highs up to 129, despite the market down 53 points. The number of new lows has not changed. 

Mid-morning: market down about 30 points. Oil is solidly above $47. NYSE:
  • new highs: 103 - CLR (a big whoop); EOG (a bigger whoop); Enbridge; Encana; ONEOK; Pioneer Natural Resources; Spring; WPX Energy
  • new lows: 5
Opening: futures point to a sell-off on the opening. Profit-taking? Down about 50 points on opening (Dow 30). 

Note For The Granddaughters

Fifth grade, ten years old. One of Olivia's teachers requires about three projects every week. On day 4, they start a new project. On day 3, their most recent project is scored. On day 2, they work on the project they started the day before. On day 1, they start a new project. The students are working on three projects simultaneously: in addition to creativity, the students are also taught "time management." When you have that many projects going on simultaneously, you have to prioritize what needs to be completed.

Weekly project, scored today, project task, a diorama of a North American geographic region (yes, I just noted the spelling error -- at least three adults have missed that spelling error):

Weekly project, will be scored tomorrow or Monday, project task, a self-portrait:

Topics Other Than Energy -- September 8, 2016

LOL. If nothing, this provides a huge laugh. From Business Insider: Target is making a major change that should scare Walmart, Kroger, and Whole Foods. The change? Target will "deploy" an army of talent to "interact" with food shoppers. The last thing I need or want is a nosy nitwit nattering while I'm shopping.

Bust. I previously mentioned that the trailer for Ben-Hur suggested a godawful movie -- Morgan Freeman's wig alone probably did more damage than anything else. Now today, the headline over at The Hollywood Reporter: Ben-Hur faces epic $120 million loss as summer's biggest box-office bust.

Somebody may be watching me, but no one's watching Ben-Hur:

Somebody's Watching Me, Rockwell

Political. Hillary Clinton wears an ear piece. It looks like she got an early proto-type of the wireless AirPods introduced by Tim Cook yesterday. Blue-tooth or wireless. Only Huma knows for sure.

Tim Cook. not connecting. But analysts are missing the real story. Too focused on hardware. It's all about Mario and Pokemon now. The puck zigged, Apple zagged. [Later: everyone is focused on concern that consumers won't upgrade to the new iPhone 7 or 7Plus. That's not the issue here. This is all about ensuring that folks who are entering the smart phone market -- and that's every kid that is turning eight years old -- opts for an Apple and not an Android. In the smart phone sector, if you don't upgrade every six months, if you don't have a splashy roll-out every six months, you run the risk of becoming irrelevant. Most Apple smart phone users are happy with their current phones and won't upgrade right away; it's the third graders that Apple is going after.]

Fun. I am trying to turn over a new leaf. I hate going to movies. But May loves going to movies. I'm now trying to go to a movie with her each weekend. Two weeks ago we saw "Florence" together. Last week we went to separate movies. Great decision. This weekend, I can hardly wait to see Other People. The trailer looks great; one song clinches it. One review mixed. I do not care for Molly Shannon ... but ... and as good as Touissant is in this, I think the version in this movie might be better. We'll see. I'll get back to you.

Nothing Takes The Place Of You, Toussaint McCall

Barnes and Noble: cuts's showroom needs to find a different business model. The company said comparable sales fell more than expected in the latest quarter, leading it to cut its comparable sales guidance for the year.

Flashback. One of my favorite entries (from September 2, 2013):
Drudge juxtaposes two John Kerry speeches:
I believe "irrefutable" suggests greater evidence than "high confidence" but I could be wrong.

I know both "irrefutable" and "high confidence" are higher on the evidence scale than "yup, you betcha."

I know that everyone, including the UN, now agrees that the earth has shown no warming in the past 17 years. But once one's mind is made up (and especially where money is involved), it's hard to change. I'm surprised with all that is going on in Syria right now, John Kerry has time to make speeches on global warming. More people will probably die from Obama-launched cruise missiles in September than global warming.
The Witches: Salem, 1692
Stacy Schiff
c. 2015
DDS: 974.4

Time line:
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony: 1628 - 1691
  • King Philip's War: 1676 - 1678
  • Salem witch hunt: 1692, January to September
  • French and Indian War: 1754 - 1763 
  • Revolutionary War: 1775 - 1783
Some observations from the book:
  • the author went to boarding school in Andover, see link below. She spent her coming of age years in Andover: more people from Andover were accused and arrested for witchcraft than from any other town in New England.
  • Andover: 17 miles inland, northwest of Salem, on the bay; Danvers is northwest / abuts Salem (was originally Salem Village)
  • contrary to the claims that began in the Confederate South just prior to the outbreak of the Civil War, no witches were burned in Salem (or Andover, I suppose)
  • for all the negative press, a whole lot more folks were accused, arrested, and executed in Europe than in America; in fact, in the big scheme of things, very few people were actually executed in Salem; and the whole "event" lasted only nine months, compared to years in Europe
  • many authors became successful on "perpetuating" the Salem witch trial story
  • some authors were greatly disturbed by the role their own ancestors had played in the Salem witch trials, but nonetheless found a way to capitalize financially on that history
  • many famous and successful people in America can trace their own family history back to men and women accused of being witches in the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Thanksgiving: President Lincoln sided with the fun-loving, feasting Pilgrims, rather than the miserable, fasting Puritans when he established Thanksgiving during the height of the Civil War
See more on Stacy Schiff and Andover at this post

Chapter I: an introduction the subject.

Chapter ll: the introduction to Samuel Parris, parsonge, and Salem Village, where it all started. The first two adolescent girls to be afflicted: Abigail Williams, eleven years old; and, Betty Parris, nine years old, page 20. It all began in the home of Samuel Parris: the first was his niece; the second, days later, was his own daughter.

The next two: twelve-year-old Ann Putnam; and, 16-year-old Elizabeth Hubbard, page 44. In this chapter, we learn about Salem Town and Salem Village, and the family histories and relationships of the first four girls/young women afflicted.

Salem Village had broken off from Salem Town. Salem Village eventually incorporated under the name Danvers.

Chapter III: it begins with the story of Sarah Good, accused of being a witch and responsible for the behavior of at least one of the four girls/young women mentioned in Chapter II. Two others apprehended in same 24 hours as Sarah Good. The second mentioned: Sarah Osborne. The third accused has been named by twelve-year-old Ann Putnam; the third accused was the house servant / slave Tituba. The author provides a long description (and definition?) of witches as described and defined by Oxford-trained Joseph Glanvill of that generation (or earlier).

I finished the book but after I got the gist of it, sort of lost interest. I will go back and re-read it but doubt if I will make any more entries.

Back to Chapter III: the author says King Philip's War created a lot of orphans and widows, but that war had ended 14 years earlier;  Destitute Sarah Good and her 5-y/o daughter show up at the Parris parsonage; leave disgruntled; later an arrest warrant as a witch on March 1 (spring thaw; heavy flooding); the justices of the peace: Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne. The four girls were there; asked to testify against Sarah Good. Good knew that two other women had also been arrested; she named one of them, Sarah Osborne, and the four girls implicated her, also. Good remanded to prison; now Osborne interrogated. Ann Putnam had also named a third, a slave girl who boarded with the four girls at the parsonage: Tituba -- the minister's slave.  Tituba pretty much admitted to being a witch. She and Osborne in Salem jail that afternoon. Sarah Good stayed in a farmhouse overnight but was to be taken to Ipswich jail the next day -- several hours horse ride.

A week later, all three are taken to Boston's prison.

Now, Ann Putnam names Martha Corey as a witch. Martha Corey also arrested.

Chapter IV: One Of You Is A Devil

The story of Deodat Lawson -- the previous minister of Salem, had now moved to Boston (where Cotton Mather was, also). Lawson was so taken by the stories he came back to Salem to see what was going on. He was kept so busy he never had a chance to transcribe/record his sermons while he was in Salem. The girls were still out and about, convulsing, yelling.

Lawson arrived March 19, and stayed just one week.

Other names mentioned: Mary Walcott; Rebecca Nurse; Sarah Cloyce; Elizabeth Procter.

After Lawson returned to Boston, the accusations raced wildly. Five witches were accused in March; twenty-five were accused in April. The next hearing would be conducted by a Boston magistrate before a larger crowd in Salem town's more comfortable meetinghouse. Among the first of the new arrests: Sarah Cloyce and Elizabeth Procter. 

Chapter V: