Saturday, November 7, 2015

Random Example Of Bakken Well Being Choked Back; Random Example Of A Great CLR Well -- November 7, 2015

NOTE: this page has caused a lot of confusion. I discuss the confusion in one of the comments below; I don't want to go through it all again.  I recommend folks a) ignore the entire page; b) pay attention to the raw data and ignore my comments and subject lines; and/or c) read everything at your own risk. The comments might help. 

Note, July 30, 2016: I now see why this page caused so much confusion. The production profile was apparently incorrect.  

November 23, 2016: production profile update --

PoolDateDaysBBLS OilRunsBBLS WaterMCF ProdMCF SoldVent/Flare

July 30, 2016: it looks like the original production profile was incorrect, and has been updated since originally reported. See production profile in original post. This is the updated production profile:

PoolDateDaysBBLS OilRunsBBLS WaterMCF ProdMCF SoldVent/Flare

November 8, 2015: I'm being told that this well is not being "choked back" as suggested by the title; water and natural gas are still being produced. I'm confused. It won't be the first time (that I'm confused).

November 8, 2015: see first comment. Reader wonders how a well that is producing water after six months produces absolutely no oil? One would think that some oil would come up with the water. I couldn't provide satisfactory answer; maybe someone out there knows. It has to be a simple answer.

Original Post
Note the production profile for this well:
  • 26485, 3,454, Statoil, Hawkeye 16-21 3H, Todd, 34 stages, 5.9 million lbs, t1/15; cum 17K 9/15;
PoolDateDaysBBLS OilRunsBBLS WaterMCF ProdMCF SoldVent/Flare

Random example of a great CLR well:
  • 27564, 1,235, CLR, Holstein Federal 2-25H, Elm Tree, 40 stages, 4 million lbs, t2/15; cum 180K 9/15;
PoolDateDaysBBLS OilRunsBBLS WaterMCF ProdMCF SoldVent/Flare

Update On A Wildcat

28571, dry with plans to P&A, Roff Operating Company, Osterberg 2-16 H1, wildcat, far north, and east, about 6 miles northwest of Mohall, near Little Deep Creek oil field, a Madison formation area; if a good well, might extend Little Deep Creek east, no production data; very, very interesting -- the geologist's report states that the target was the middle Bakken; that the wellbore entered the middle Bakken target at 6,350 feet (shallow); oil present; gas values ranged between 50 and 100; the dipping suggests that anticlinal oil trapping structures could exist and be exploited; awaiting fracture/completion; spud August 20; ceases drilling September 13; total drilling days, 26; short lateral (640 acres); [Update: stimulated 5/15; 15 stages; 152K sand; many, many problems with the well, plan to P&A this well]. Mohall is near the Canadian border, about 50 miles NNE of Minot, ND; very little Bakken activity in this area

High Volume, High Density Frack
Huge Production
SHD Well On Fort Berthold Indian Reservation

I track the Deep Water Creek Bay here, though it has not been updated in quite some time (I will do that when I find some time, if the spirit moves me).

Note number of stages and amount of proppant (62 stages, 15.3 million lbs); also note total production to date (>211K bbls)
  • 19296, 2,388, SHD Oil & Gas, Golden 22-31H, Deep Water Creek Bay, 62 stages, 15 million lbs sand, spacing ICO, t3/15; cum 365K 5/16;
PoolDateDaysBBLS OilRunsBBLS WaterMCF ProdMCF SoldVent/Flare

Random Update On CAPEX Cutbacks For 2016 -- November 7, 2015

Reuters/Rigzone provides some CAPEX cutbacks for 2016 in the shale oil industry. There is nothing new here that regular readers wouldn't already know, but Reuters puts it together in one place for a few companies. Some excerpts:
Top shale companies including Devon Energy Corp, Continental Resources Inc and Marathon Oil Corp this week released preliminary 2016 plans for capital spending that may fall by double digits.

Devon said it expects to spend $2 billion to $2.5 billion on exploration and production next year, down from about $4 billion this year.

Marathon Oil is cutting about $1 billion from its projections.

Oasis Petroleum Inc, which produces oil in North Dakota, said it expects to spend $350 million in 2016 on drilling and completion of new wells, roughly $200 million below what it plans to spend for those services this year.

Continental Resources, North Dakota's second-largest oil producer, said it will need to spend $1.5 billion to $1.6 billion next year to maintain output of roughly 200,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. That would be less than half the roughly $3.4 billion the company expects to spend this year.
Sam Phillips Book Review Over At The Wall Street Journal

Link here.  
Though he is acclaimed by his biographer as “The Man Who Invented Rock ’n’ Roll,” readers may still need some introduction to Sam Phillips.
Born in Florence, Ala., in 1923, Phillips moved to Memphis after World War II and got into the music business. As operator of a recording studio and later a record company, he discovered Howlin’ Wolf, Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash and Jerry Lee Lewis and made some of the earliest recordings of B.B. King and Ike Turner, including the 1951 song that some buffs consider the big bang in rock history, “Rocket 88.”
Phillips’s biographer may require less of a primer. Peter Guralnick is known for his decorated two-part chronicle of Elvis Presley’s life and his reverent but thorough fan-friendly style.
“Sam Phillips” represents his most personal foray into American music. Mr. Guralnick knew Phillips for 25 years and spent nearly a decade after Phillips’s death in 2003 writing his story. That’s longer than most rock ’n’ roll marriages. Mr. Guralnick shares his love for Sam early in the book, and Phillips clearly held up his side of the deal, sharing intimate details and private documents.
Obviously, much more at the link.

If there is a better DVD on Sam Phillips or Sun Records, I would love to know. And yes, the Muscle Shoals DVD is still the best.  

Fracking Led To A Lot Of Jobs -- Reuters -- November 7, 2015

Reuters/Rigzone is reporting:
A U.S. oil and gas drilling boom fueled by hydraulic fracturing technology added about 725,000 jobs nationwide between 2005 and 2012, blunting the impact of the financial crisis.
The findings could play into a debate over so-called fracking, in which water, sand and chemicals are injected into underground shale formations to produce oil and gas reserves that were otherwise inaccessible. 
I doubt this study will sway President Obama one way or the other. I haven't seen anything from this administration which suggests it is actually concerned about American jobs. 

By the way, perhaps the study mentioned this also, but if not, remember: these were high-paying jobs. The average income in Williston, North Dakota, was last reported to be $80,000; the national average is $72,000.

Berkshire Hathaway
Net Income More Than Doubled From A Year Earlier

From Reuters, November 6, 2015, some data points:
  • quarterly profit doubled to a record high, reflecting a huge gain on its stake in Kraft Heinz 
  • 3Q15 net income rose to $9.43 billion, or $5,737 per Class A share, from $4.62 billion, or $2,811, a year earlier
  • among Berkshire's larger businesses
    • profit fell 34 percent from insurance underwriting to $414 million;
    • rose 12 percent at the BNSF railroad to $1.16 billion; and, 
    • rose 13 percent to $786 million at Berkshire Hathaway Energy
  • Warren is a "buy and hold" kind of guy: Berkshire said it had lost $2 billion on its IBM stock, or 15 percent of what it paid but still has "no intention" of selling its shares
Also, Berkshire disclosed it bought a bunch of rolling stock for $1 billion:
Berkshire Hathaway Inc. said the price for the railroad assets it agreed to buy from General Electric Co. in September was about $1 billion.
Marmon Holdings, a unit of Buffett’s company, acquired about 25,000 tank cars and other equipment from GE in the deal.
Wells Fargo & Co., the world’s largest bank by market value, agreed to buy the bulk of a railcar- and locomotive-leasing unit from GE in September as the industrial giant retreats from financial services. The Berkshire and Wells Fargo deals dismantle what was General Electric Railcar Services LLC, a $4 billion-asset business that leases freight and tank cars and offers loans and maintenance services.
This $1 billion deal to buy 25,000 tank cars wasn't widely known until November 9, 2015, when the Bloomberg article was reposted over at Yahoo!Finance. Many of the comments are right in line with what many are thinking: Obama kills the Keystone after Buffett makes the purchase.

Reader Requests Assistance -- November 7, 2015


November 9, 2015: see comments. First step: determine if these are "fee minerals" or not. Second step: contact an attorney well versed in oil and gas and estate law in North Dakota.
Original Note
A reader has recently become involved with the family's estate that includes mineral acres on federal land -- Fort Berthold Indian Reservation -- in the state of North Dakota.

The reader has asked if there is a resource that would help him/her navigate the federal rules as they pertain to the oil and gas industry in the state.

I provided my two-cents worth and was going to leave it at that, but thought maybe someone out there might have some ideas. Comments can be provided anonymously, and my e-mail address is available somewhere at the blog.

Connecting The Dots With Regard To An Expensive Wind Farm The Philippines Cannot Afford -- And They Can't Afford Not To -- November 7, 2015

Comment: I'm going to re-post / link two stories that I have already posted. I failed to connect the dots, and this makes the links an even bigger story.

Three givens:
  • supply: the center for gravity for fossil fuel is moving from the Mideast to the Midwest, from Saudi Arabia to the North American midwest corridor from Alberta through North Dakota and Oklahoma and down to Texas and Mexico
  • consumption: the big growth opportunities for fossil fuel demand will be Asia
  • Europe will be the first continent to become a net importer of oil
A new story that is developing: a major Asian supply of oil is likely coming to an end, literally running out.

When it looked like the US was going to run out of affordable energy, back in the 1980s and 1990s, it provided the opportunity for all those science projects to be considered: wind energy, solar energy, biofuels, ethanol, algae-oil, Willie Nelson used cooking oil, etc. But there is no longer any need for those science projects in the US.

However, it appears one Asian country (and there may be others) that are in the same place the US was several years ago when science projects made sense.

That country is the Philippines.

The other day I posted a story about an incredibly expensive wind farm going up in the Philippines. A country like the Philippines is in no position to put up a wind farm unless there's a lot of corruption (probably) and they see a real shortage of affordable fossil fuel in the out years. Is it possible that the Philippines sees the possibility of a real shortage of affordable fossil fuel and are taking steps now to meet the needs of their growing population and that's why they are investing in wind energy, just as the US did when it looked like Peak Oil was real? [Update, November 24, 2015: that's exactly right -- see this post from November 24, 2015 -- yes, natural gas field that the Philippines relies on will be depleted by 2024.]

This is the dot I failed to connect:
Indonesia: And then this Reuters/Rigzone story on Indonesia:
Indonesia's state-owned energy firm Pertamina plans to process more domestic crude oil in a bid to limit the impact on the country of declining production, a plight that is also affecting oil-rich neighbours Malaysia and Brunei.
All three countries, which rely heavily on energy revenues, are running out of oil. Reuters research based on government, industry and consultancy data shows they could run dry within the next 25 years.
By the way, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei don't have to run out of oil to start affecting countries like the Philippines. Their production only has to drop far enough that they require all of it for domestic needs (similar to what is starting to happen in Saudi Arabia).

I don't know where the Philippines gets its oil but I assume it's very likely they get a lot from Indonesia.

Regardless, wherever the Philippines gets its oil, it is getting it from the same spot that China is probably sourcing its own imported oil. If I were the Philippines, I would hate to have to compete with China (for anything). [By the way, California is also vying for that same oil. The Philippines are competing with both China and California for oil.]

The story has been there for several years, but I only noticed it today. Previous links at the blog:
That's enough, but I will end with one last link, which might be one of the most interesting, why the Philippines which cannot afford wind, but can afford coal, is building expensive wind farms. Yes, the trail leads back to our own President Obama. He will leave the world in worse shape then when he found it when he became president of the United States. Not many presidents can put that on their resume.

Random Fallout From The Keystone TKO -- November 7, 2015; More CBR Likely


November 12, 2015: "look west, not east" updated here
Original Post
Comment: normally I put my comments at the end of the story but I doubt many folks read that far down, so in this case, I'm moving the comments up here.

As you read the stories from the Minneapolis StarTribune and the Calgary Herald linked below, one wonders if folks are focused on an issue that no longer matters for North Dakota.

TransCanada never had any plans to include Bakken oil for the Keystone XL. The requirement to add an entry port in the Keystone XL for Bakken oil was made possible only through the action of the same Montana senator who coined the word "trainwreck" in describing ObamaCare. TransCanada reluctantly agreed, but one can bet that they never would have mixed Canadian heavy oil with Bakken light oil, except under great duress.

The Bakken operators are counting on two new pipelines, the Sandpiper and the Dakota Access, which go east, not south, both of which will probably suffer the same fate as the Keystone.

It doesn't matter. Bakken oil production will fall to 750,000 bopd (from current one million bopd) by the end of 2016 if things don't change, and at 750,000 bopd there is so much excess capacity, rail and pipe will be competing for any business.

Commentators are looking east when they should be looking west. The tea leaves tell me that California is in a world of pain when it comes to oil. The Bakken contributes a small amount, but a significant amount of oil, to California, but with the loss of the Keystone, and the likely loss (and definite delay) of the Sandpiper and the Dakota Access, this is an incredible opportunity for Enbridge CBR and Warren Buffett CBR to start looking at increased shipments to the Far West. Again, all things being equal, California is going to need more Bakken oil.

By the way, those popping sounds you heard last night were the corks flying out of champagne bottles in Omaha, NE, following the Keystone TKO.

The Keystone TKO and CBR

The Keystone TKO will result in increased CBR, according to The Calgary Herald:
Rejection of the Keystone XL pipeline will complicate and add cost to getting western Canadian oil to U.S. markets but it isn’t expected to actually prevent any shipments reaching south of the border, observers say.

The decision announced Friday by U.S. President Barack Obama was greeted with disappointment by Calgary oil producers, industry insiders and local business people who observed that Canadian crude is being singled out by the United States with a trade impediment while other countries have free rein.

Suncor Energy Inc. president and chief executive Steve Williams said in a statement that the U.S. decision, made seven years after Calgary-based pipeline firm TransCanada Corp.’s initial application, hurts Americans as much as it does Canadians.

“Clearly we’re disappointed in today’s decision. Keystone XL is important infrastructure not only for producers in the U.S. Bakken (centred on North Dakota) and Canada as it would provide expanded connectivity to the Gulf Coast, but also for U.S. refiners as it would provide security of supply from a longtime energy provider and trading partner,” he said.

The Calgary-based company, Canada’s largest oil producer by market capitalization, says it has 600,000 barrels per day of current access to world markets, including 80,000 bpd of rail loading capacity, as an alternative to the 830,000-bpd Keystone XL.

Analyst Stephen Paget of FirstEnergy Capital said the rejection will lead to more crude-by-rail shipping, a transport mode which has expanded enormously over the past three years despite higher costs while KXL awaited the presidential permit required for a pipeline that crosses the Canada-U. S. border.
I assume many operators were waiting for the decision before making their own decisions regarding CBR. One can assume the Sandpiper and the Dakota Access will suffer the same fate. See below.

The Minneapolis StarTribune is reporting:
The rejection of Keystone XL is a setback for North Dakota’s oil industry, even though falling oil prices and the drop in Bakken drilling and oil production have lessened the immediate need for it.
“It is a good time to say ‘No, we don’t want a pipeline’ when you really don’t need it,” said Rudy Hokanson, a Minnesota-based oil analyst for Barrington Research.
But North Dakota officials believe that more Bakken pipelines still will be needed to carry future oil volumes.
Two proposed projects to transport North Dakota oil are under regulatory review — Enbridge Energy’s Sandpiper pipeline across North Dakota and Minnesota and Energy Transfer Partners’ Dakota Access line via South Dakota and Iowa.
Those projects, as well as Enbridge’s separate plans to replace and expand another Canadian oil sands pipeline through Minnesota, are facing opposition from an anti-pipeline activists who cheered President Obama’s decision Friday on Keystone XL.
One worrisome alternative to Keystone XL — an increase in oil trains from Canada through Minnesota — is not playing out. Canadian crude exports by rail have dropped by half in the past year after peaking at 165,200 barrels per day in the third quarter of 2014, according to Canada’s National Energy Board.
“Rail has never been a serious alternative to Keystone XL,” said Rep. Frank Hornstein, DFL-Minneapolis, who has worked on crude-by-rail safety issues. “That has been a talking point for pipeline advocates. It is not based on reality.”
That's good news that Frank is not worried about increased CBR. He can tell that to his constituents waiting in line at railroad crossings.

The AP says without Keystone, the oil industry must find new paths for oil. Really? I am not aware of any shortage in takeaway capacity; more Canadian oil than ever is reaching US refineries. Not only that but the general consensus is that US shale production is going to continue decreasing. All these stories are also stating that this will have an effect on the Bakken. The Keystone XL would have meant very, very little to the Bakken.

The Dickinson Press weighs in also. I did not read the editorial. My impression, probably wrong, is that the truth be told, the owners / editorial staff of organization that owns The Dickinson Press was against the Keystone XL from the beginning. I do not recall my original stance; readers can check the blog to see what my thoughts have been. I do know that from a common sense point of view, the whole issue was ridiculous. From a Bakken point of view, I never thought it was something that would help the Bakken. The risk was that a win for the faux environmentalists on this would spread to other pipelines, and it has. I think there is a very good chance that the Sandpiper and the Dakota Access will suffer the same fate. Fortunately, as I've said so many times, it really doesn't matter. When North Dakota production drops to 750,000 bopd there is going to be so much excess capacity, folks will wonder what all the fuss was about.

Week 44: November 1, 2015 -- November 7, 2015

I suppose the biggest news of the week, although it really wasn't news, was the Keystone TKO decision. The New York Times said it won't make a difference; all that Canadian oil is still getting to the US via rail and barge and existing pipelines. SecState Kerry is still basking in another decision: to open the Iranian oil spigots to help the Persians fund a war to support Syria.

Another big story, of course, was the announcement that MDU will close the deal on Fidelity by the end of the year, which just goes to show that one can sell anything if the price is set low enough. 

We are coming to an end of the earnings season and one can scroll through the past week to see corporate updates. One of the bigger surprises was the huge beat reported by Greenbrier and the company reporting a huge jump in the dividend.

The number of active rigs in North Dakota hits a new post-Bakken boom record (64)
Random post with various links about the Bakken reported nationwide
QEP reports a 100,000-bbl well in less than five months
Six non-Statoil, high-IP wells
EOG's high density drilling in Antelope / Clarks Creek oil fields
Michael Filloon's update on the Bakken, EOG
SM Energy moves into new building

Re-frack opportunity for Lime Rock Resources/OXY 

Bakken economy
A new I-94 exit ramp to nowhere opened west of Dickinson
Update on the new Williston airport
Tesoro makes record-setting donation for North Dakota's affordable housing initiative
Legacy Fund update

Idle chatter on global energy

Jack Kemp's weekly energy tweets
SI/NC and the art of confidentiality 

Another Opportunity For The Kennedy Clan To See Snow -- November 7, 2015; The Keystone, TKO Decision

USA Today is reporting that it's very possible Boston will see record snow this winter.
There is a theory about snow in Siberia during the month of October: If there is a lot, it can mean a particularly wicked winter in the northeast United States.
Last month, Siberia experienced record snowfall and the worst blizzard in a decade.
Above-average snow cover in Siberia is believed to affect the now-famous polar vortex and send bitterly cold temperatures to the Northeast. This happens when the Arctic Oscillation, a climate pattern, shifts.
Very, very interesting about the Siberian snow. It seems every month another record is set in something somewhere in the world: record high temperature, record low temperature, record Arctic melting, record Antarctic ice thickening, record snow in Boston, record snow in Siberia, ten years without a major hurricane to hit landfall in, records at both ends of the spectrum. I guess with computer modeling you can get whatever you want.

Anyway, as long as I started with that, I might as well clean out the e-mail before I get to "top stories of the week."

What else is in the mailbox from this past week?

FuelFix is reporting on a $2.5 billion, 700-mile project to take the place of the Keystone. Actually, not quite, but reported the same day as The Kerry-Obama (TKO) decision to kill the Keystone, it certainly becomes a metaphor for the changing winds when it comes to energy in this country. Apparently folks don't mind high voltage transmission lines cutting through their own backyards but are absolutely adamant that they won't allow a pipeline to cross, out-of-sight, some distant state. But I digress. The 700-mile project is a proposed high-voltage transmission line from the Oklahoma panhandle to Tennessee, via Arkansas. The transmission line is required for yet-to-be-built wind farms in western Oklahoma.

I was curious if this transmission line would pass through Hope, Arkansas, so I went to google maps to refresh my USA geography. I see that overnight President Obama quietly re-named Hillary's ancestral state. In the graphic below, it appears that President Obama has taken a page from Vladimir Putin's playbook and doubled the size of Kansas, apparently by executive order. Of course, Obama outdid Putin on this one. Whereas Putin had to use troops to take the Crimean, the Ukraine, and Syria, Obama did the "Kansas Thing" without the army or even Homeland Security. This would not have happened if Bob Dole were still alive.

 From Google maps, Saturday, November 7, 2015, ~ 8:35 a.m. Central Time

By the way, for future reference, we now have a rule-of-thumb to estimate the cost of a new high-voltage transmission line. This transmission line ($2.5 billion / 700 miles) will cost about $3.6 million / mile. With cost overruns, etc., one can safely say a high-voltage transmission line will run you about $4 million / mile. A pipeline runs about $1 million / mile, as does a new four-lane divided state highway. This country -- the good 'ol USA -- has money to burn.

Michelle Caruso-Cabrero Is Looking Forward To Another Trip To Greece

This may be the most-overlooked story of the week. Germany and the EU have pretty much bailed out Greece so many times in the past few years most of us have lost count. Angela Merkel was able to get Germany to go along with the most recent bailout by assuring her fellow country men and women that Greece was on its road to recovery, and once they got the bailout, the Greek economy would take off.

How's that scenario working out? This was in the Wall Street Journal earlier this week. The graphic below might be a bit confusing for those living in Hope, Kansas. The dark blue is the historical GDP growth rate; the light blue is the current projected GDP growth rate; and the "T" is the previously projected GDP growth rate on which the Greek bailout was sold.

Uh-oh. Look closely at Greece. Greece was forecast to have 3% rate of growth for all of 2016, a growth rate higher than Spain, Germany, and even the Eurozone! That was the old forecast, the forecast that was used when bailing out the country of Socrates and Pericles. But look at the current projection -- not only is the rate of growth lowered, but it falls deeply into negative territory.

Again, this is a hard graph to understand. The graphic above with Kansas more than doubling in size is easier to see but harder to envision.

Back To The Keystone: The New York Times Perspective

At risk of beating a dead pipeline, this article is linked for this reason: close reading of this article suggests that even The New York Times was perplexed by the Keystone TKO. The TKO made absolutely no sense based on a) reality; b) previous actions by the administration; and, c) common sense. The writer was positing a different theme, but reading between the lines one might see what I'm talking about:
The Obama administration, for example, approved a shorter section of the pipeline connecting the storage field in Cushing, OK, with Texas refineries, allowing an increase in both Canadian and domestic shipments of 700,000 barrels a day. At the same time, Enbridge and Enterprise Partners expanded a separate pipeline system, called Seaway, which can now deliver 850,000 barrels a day from Cushing to the Gulf refinery hub.
All told, the Gulf refineries have tripled their processing supplies of Canadian crude since 2010 to more than 300,000 barrels a day.
The point is that Canadian oil is reaching the gulf over the rails or by barge down the Mississippi, certainly less efficient, more costly, and more dangerous. And, of course, emitting that highly toxic CO2 all along the way, none of which is emitted while flowing down a pipeline.

By the way, what is the most current reading for atmospheric CO2? I'm glad you asked:

Again, the number comes in below 400, despite the fact that China is burning 17% more coal than previously reported. That, too, was previously posted.

Speaking Of Bicycles

Not everyone in North Dakota was upset about the Keystone TKO but The Dickinson Press did suggest that they now have an "off-ramp to nowhere":
A new Dickinson exit for Interstate 94 has been completed and is open to traffic.
The $29.4 million project will eventually connect to the next phase of the Dickinson Bypass, scheduled for completion during the 2016 construction season.
Dickinson City Administrator Shawn Kessel said the wider project of the bypass was conceived at a time when the amount of truck traffic coming through the city was “rather excessive.”
“We were concerned not only about the traffic, but the impact to our roadways, the amount of dollars it was going to cost us to repair and replace those things and also the safety of not only the driving public, but those people who walk and use bikes and such,” Kessel said.
And such. Especially the bike riding. Every time I drive back to the Bakken I see a lot of bicycle riders on the interstate west of Dickinson. It's nice to see the new exit ramp installed so bikers don't need to ride through the ditches to see the MDU-Calumet refinery.

The Dickinson Press also noted that some folks in North Dakota and Montana were very unhappy with the Keystone decision, especially those folks who now have mountains of pipeline sitting above ground and rusting. I suppose one could stand some of the sections of pipeline on their ends and make shafts for wind turbines, or turn them into artificial leks for sage grouse. 

The mail box still has a few items, but my contract does not allow for individual posts to go on this long. So, after a commercial break, I'll be back to do the top stories this past week in the Bakken. The break may be several hours. I'm going biking.