Sunday, December 11, 2016

Hedging Could Cause Problems For Some Oil Companies; EOG, CLR Are Not Hedged -- Filloon -- December 11, 2016

OPEC cut/freeze: Saudi Arabia turns to shock and awe, with bigger cuts and more countries joining, after disappointing market reaction to initial OPEC deal. -- John Kemp, via Twitter. 

Active rigs:

Active Rigs4065186192183

Bakken update: from Filloon over at SeekingAlpha --
  • Non-OPEC cuts in oil production total between 612,000 bpd and 558,000 bpd.
  • Non-OPEC cuts could take time to play out, as OPEC allowed natural declines to be used as a 2017 oil production cut
  • The Saudi Oil Minister stated there could be a more sizable cut announced in the near future
  • The Saudis have found the leadership role in OPEC again, and orchestrated a historic cooperative effort with non-OPEC nations
Other data points:
  • Oil prices may rise from 15% to 35% over the course of the next 12 months. The initial cut by OPEC caused a 15% increase in the price of oil. This was a short squeeze. $52 proved to be a significant resistance level, as producer hedging has the benefit of contango. 
  • Contango is a bearish situation that occurs when oil prices are higher in the future. Backwardation is bullish as front month prices are higher. 
  • Since oil prices are now higher by $3 to $4/bbl over 12 months, operators can hedge production for better forward prices. Operators hedge to guarantee a price for production. This is encouraged by banks. Cap ex plans can be developed, as it provides revenue certainty. 
  • Operators in the Permian, SCOOP/STACK, core Eagle Ford, and core Bakken see decent returns at $54/bbl or $55/bbl. Producer hedging is creating difficulties breaking to the upside. 
  • Although many media outlets have reported a 558,000 bpd cut, the 12 nations reporting totaled 612,000 bpd. The OPEC/Non-OPEC cut represents 2% of world production. 
  • The size and scope of cooperation is significant, and could move trading ranges higher. 
  • Kazakhstan was a surprise with it's 50,000 bpd cut. It had planned to bring a new field online next year. Significant pressure must have been placed on the country, as the IEA had estimated it would increase production in 2017 by 160,000 bpd. Russian production is also a mystery. It self-reports at 11.2 million bpd. 
  • Analysts have noted Russian production closer to 10.7 or 10.8 million bpd. It is possible Russia isn't cutting. OPEC has stated it would accept natural declines as cuts. It is possible these cuts may come into effect over time, and not on January 1st.
  • Most of the Bakken and Eagle Ford need a steady $60/bbl oil price to increase production. Both plays will continue to see a production decrease. This will offset gains in better plays. 
  • It is very important to take a look at operator's hedge books before investing. Companies like Continental and EOG Resources are not hedged and will realize the full value of a drop in world crude inventories. Many of the Permian players will report sizeable hedging losses next year if oil takes off. Many have swaps in the mid-40s.
A Note to the Granddaughters

A beautiful, beautiful day in north Texas. A bit cool like the rest of the country but very, very pleasant. Arianna, oldest granddaughter, will be Denton all day today for water polo tournament. Four games back-to-back this morning, then afternoon break, to be followed by two early evening games. Arianna is starter on two teams, and reserve on two older-girls team and the National Program team. Pretty exciting.

After dropping her off, I drove into Denton to get cup of McDonald's coffee. Highlight of that trip: I spotted a bald-headed eagle flying above the highway in downtown Denton. Pretty cool. I've seen many eagles in North Dakota; not sure if I've seen an eagle in this part of Texas before. Will add to my bird-spotting list.

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